• Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune multi-systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. The hallmark of this disease is the presence of non-caseating granulomasthat look like grains of sand affecting multiple organs. The presence of manygranulomas then affects the normal functioning of the organs in which they are present. It can affect almost all organs of the body, but more often it affects the lungs, mesotheliomaadrenal glands, lymph nodes, eyes and skin.

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  • Angiitis (or vasculitis) is a group of autoimmune diseases characterized by inflammation and damage to the walls of various blood vessels. This gradually results in the vessels rupture or its stenosis and blockage. The vessels and organs affected vary depending on the type of vasculitis. The damage caused may be transient or permanent.

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  • Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by a pathological tendency in which the blood has a tendency to clot too easily. 

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There are several studies linking smoking to the appearance (and in fact the appearance of CKD in the general population, e.g. to people without a risk factor for nephropathy) but also to the development of preexisting CKD. There is a greater impact in patients suffering from diabetic nephropathy or renal disease due to high blood pressure.

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Kidney cancer is the third most common genitourinary cancer in adults.

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Cancer is related to the causes of renal failure such as acute renal failure and chronic kidney failure both directly and indirectly. Kidney failure is often multifactorial in these patients.

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Multiple myeloma (MM) is a type of neoplasm in the blood and more specifically of plasma cells, the cells of the organism that normally produce the antibodies in our body used for its defense. In patients with MM, these cells do not function properly, do not produce normal antibodies but continuously produce large amounts of a similar protein.

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Kidney cancer is the third most common malignancy of the urinary tract, mostly affects older men and is among the 10 most common cancers that affect adults.

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SSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect various systems. Mainly the skin, joints, kidneys, hematopoietic and nervous system are involved. In addition, it is a condition that belongs to the category of autoimmune diseases, diseases created by the disorder in which our defense system - the immune system - is directed against the body itself and causes injuries to organs and tissues.

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Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE) relates to kidney disease, since "lupus nephritis” is a type of kidney disease caused by SLE. 30-50% of patients with SLE may experience renal function deterioration.

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  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, symmetric, polyarthritic but also systemic inflammatory disease, mainly affecting the small joints, especially the hands. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune cells of the organism attack and destroy the healthy tissues of the body itself. If left untreated, inflammation can cause permanent damage to these joints.

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